print page print page


Acknowledgements für Projekte innerhalb des BMBF Nordatlantik II Verbunds bitte so angeben:

"This work was supported by the Co-Operative Project ‘‘The
North Atlantic as Part of the Earth System: From System Comprehension
to Analysis of Regional Impacts’’ funded by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), +Förderkennzeichen".

Bitte euer Förderkennzeichen nicht vergessen!



Abel, R. (2013): Subtropical and Subpolar Gyre Circulation of the North Atlantic in Ocean Models at Different Resolutions, Masterarbeit, Universität Kiel.

Berx, B., B. Hansen, S. Østerhus, K. M. Larsen, T. Sherwin and K. Jochumsen (2013): Combining in-situ measurements and altimetry to estimate volume, heat and salt transport variability through the Faroe Shetland Channel, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 10, 153-195, doi: 10.5194/osd-10-153-2013.

Biastoch, A. and C. W. Böning (2013): Anthropogenic impact on Agulhas Leakage, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi: 10.1029/2012GL055037.

Brandt, P. M. Araujo, B. Bourlés, P. Chang, M. Dengler, W. E. Johns, A. Lazar, C. F. Lumpkin, M. J. McPhaden, P. Nobre and L. Terray (2013): Tropical Atlantic Climate Experiment (TACE), CLIVAR Exchanges.

Chen, X., C. Liu, K. O'Driscoll, B. Mayer, J. Su and T. Pohlmann (2013): On the nudging terms at open boundaries in regional ocean models, Ocean Modelling.

Chen, X., K. O'Driscoll, B. Mayer, J. Su, M. Mathis and T. Pohlmann (2013): The role of surface and advective heat and salt fluxes in the variability of North Sea temperature and salinity, in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, Vol. 15, p. 9763.

Hahn, J. (2013): Oxygen variability and eddy-driven meridional oxygen supply in the tropical North East Atlantic oxygen minimum zone, Doctoral thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 90 pp.

Hummels, R., M. Dengler and B. Bourlès (2013): Seasonal and regional variability of upper ocean diapycnal heat flux in the Atlantic cold tongue, Progress in Oceanography, 111, 52-74, ISSN 0079-6611, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2012.11.001.

Keenlyside, N., H. Ding and M. Latif (2013): Potential of equatorial Atlantic variability to enhance El Niño prediction, GRL.

Latarius, K. (2013): Über die Wassermassentransformation im Europäischen Nordmeer - Prozess-Studien und Budgets, Dissertation, Universität Hamburg, 170 S.

Mathis, M. (2013): Projected Forecast of Hydrodynamic Conditions in the North Sea for the 21st Century, Doctoral thesis, University of Hamburg, Institute of Oceanography, 182 pp.

Mecking, J. V. (2013): North Atlantic multidecadal to centennial variability in a model and a marine proxy dataset, Doktorarbeit/PhD, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany.

Meehl, G. A., L. Goddard, B. Kirtman, G. Branstator, G. Danabasoglu, E. Hawkins, A. Kumar, T. Rosati, D. Smith, R. Sutton, G. Boer, R. Burgman, C. Cassou, S. Corti, A. Karspeck, N. Keenlyside, M. Kimoto, D. Matei, J. Mignot, R. Msadek, A. Navarra, H. Pohlmann, M. Rienecker, E. Schneider, C. Tebaldi, H. Teng, G. J. van Oldenborgh, G. Vecchi and S. Yeager (2013): Decadal Climate Prediction: An Update from the Trenches, BAMS.

Menary, M.B., C.D. Roberts, M.D. Palmer, P.R. Halloran, L. Jackson, R.A. Wood, W.A. Müller, D. Matei, S.-K. Lee (2013): Mechanisms of aerosol-forced AMOC variability in a state of the art climate model, Journal of Geophys. Res.: Oceans.

O'Driscoll, K., B. Mayer, T. Ilyina and T. Pohlmann (2013): Modelling the cycling of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the North Sea system: fluxes, loading, seasonality, trends. Journal of Marine Systems 111-112, 69-82

Rößler, A. (2013): Observed subpolar gyre transports at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Dissertation, Universität Bremen, 121 pgs,

Schütte, F. (2013): Characterisation of mesoscale eddies generated in the coastal upwelling region of the tropical northeast Atlantic, Master thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 70 pp.

Xu, X., H. E. Hurlburt, W. J. Schmitz Jr., R. Zantopp, J. Fischer and P. J. Hogan (2013): On the currents and transports connected with the Atlantic Meridional Overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res. (Oceans), 118, doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20065.


Ba, J. (2012): North Atlantic Multi-decadal Variability simulated in Coupled General Circulation Models (CGCMs), Doctoral thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 81 pp.

Behrens, E., A. Biastoch and C. W. Böning (2012): Spurious drift of the AMOC in global ocean sea ice models related to subarctic freshwater forcing, Ocean Modelling.

Behrens, L. K. (2012): Das arktische Meereis in Klimamodellen - Variabilitäten und anthropogener Klimawandel, Diplomarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany, 167 pp.

Behrens, L. K., T. Martin, V. Semenov und M. Latif (2012): The Arctic Sea ice in the CMIP3 climate model ensemble - variability and anthropogenic change, The Cryosphere Discussions, 6 (6), pp. 5317-5344, doi: 10.5194/tcd-6-5317-2012.

Brandt, P., R. J. Greatbatch, M. Claus, S.-H. Didwischus, V. Hormann, A. Funk, J. Hahn, G. Krahmann, J. Fischer and A. Körtzinger (2012): Ventilation of the Atlantic by the equatorial deep jets, J. Geophys. Res., 117, C12015, doi: 10.1029/2012JC008118.

Ding, H., N. S. Keenlyside and M. Latif (2012): Impact of the Equatorial Atlantic on the El Niño Southern Oscillation, Climate Dynamics, 38 (9-10), 1965-1972, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1097-y.

Dodd, P., B. Rabe, E. Hansen, E. Falck, A. Mackensen, E. Rohling, C. Stedmon and S. Kistiansen (2012): The freshwater composition of the Fram Strait outflow derived from a decade of tracer measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi: 10.1029/2012JC008011.

Eisner, R. (2012): Die Entwicklung der Deckschicht im Islandbecken und ihr Beitrag zum Nordatlantischen Tiefenwasser, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Esser, K. (2012): Langfristige Variabilität der Wirbelaktivität im Overflow der Dänemarkstraße, Diplomarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Fehsenfeldt, F. (2012): Optimierte Messstrategie für die meridionale Umwälzbewegung im Nordatlantik bei 47°N, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen.

Gary, S. F., M. S. Lozier, A. Biastoch and C. W. Böning (2012): Reconciling tracer and float observations of the export pathways of Labrador Sea Water, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L24606, doi: 10.1029/2012GL053978.

Gouretski, V., J. Kennedy, T. Boyer and A. Köhl (2012): Consistent near-surface ocean warming since 1900 in two largely independent observing networks, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39 (19), doi: 10.1029/2012GL052975.

Greatbatch, R. J., P. Brandt, M. Claus, S.-H. Didwischus, and Y. Fu (2012): On the width of the equatorial deep jets, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42, 1729-1740, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-0238.1.

Gröger, M., E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, A. Moll and D. Sein (2012): NW European shelf under climate warming: implications for open ocean - shelf exchange, primary production, and carbon absorption, Biogeosciences Discuss., 9 (11), 16625-16662, doi: 10.5194/bgd-9-16625-2012.

Hell, M. (2012): Impact of Atlantic Se Surface Temperature on Indian and Sahel rainfall in Kiel Climate Model, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel.

Horn, M. (2012): Frontenerkennung im subpolaren Nordatlantik aus SST Daten, Bachelorarbeit, Hochschule Bremerhaven/Universität Bremen.

Jahn, A., Y. Aksenov, B. de Cuevas, L. de Steur, S. Hakkinen, E. Hansen, C. Herbaut, M.-N. Houssais, M. J. Karcher, F. Kauker, C. Lique, A. T. Nguyen, P. Pemberton, D. L. Worthen, and J. Zhang (2012): Arctic Ocean freshwater - How robust are model simulations?, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 117 (C00D16), doi:10.1029/2012JC007907.

Jochumsen, K., D. Quadfasel, H. Valdimarsson and S. Jonsson (2012): Variability of the Denmark Strait Overflow: moored time series from 1996-2011, J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans (1978-2012), 117, C12, doi: 10.1029/2012JC008244.

Karcher, M., J. N. Smith, F. Kauker, R. Gerdes and W. M. Smethie Jr. (2012): Recent changes of Arctic Ocean circulation revealed by 129 Iodine observations and modelling, J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans (1978-2012), 117, C8, doi:10.1029/2011JC007513.

Klockmann, M. (2012): Atmospheric pressure adjustments associated with spin-down over sea surface temperature fronts - A regional and seasonal study, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Köhl A., F. Siegismund and D. Stammer (2012): Impact of Assimilating Bottom Pressure Anomalies from GRACE on Ocean Circulation Estimates, J. Geophys. Res., 17, doi:10.1029/2011JC007623.

Köllner, M. (2012): Signal propagation and entrainment of Denmark Strait Overflow Water as measured at Ammassalik, 2007-2012, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Liu C., A. Köhl and D. Stammer (2012): Adjoint Based Estimation of Eddy Induced Tracer Mixing Parameters in the Global Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42, 1186-1206, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-0162.1.

Martin, T., W. Park and M. Latif (2012): Multi-Centennial Variability Controlled by Southern Ocean Convection in the Kiel Climate Model, Climate Dynamics, 1-18, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1586-7.

Matei, D., J. Baehr, J.H. Jungclaus, H. Haak, W. A. Müller und J. Marotzke (2012): Multi-year prediction of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N. Science, 335, 76-79, doi: 10.1126/science.1210299.

Matei, D., H. Pohlmann, J. Jungclaus, W. Müller, H. Haak, and J. Marotzke (2012): Two tales of initializing decadal climate prediction experiments with the ECHAM5/MPI-OM model, J. Climate., 25, 8502-8523, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00633.1, Online first. (

McCarthy, G., B. King, P. Cippolini, J. Blundell, E. McDonagh and A. Biastoch (2012): On the Sub-decadal variability of South Atlantic Antarctic Intermediate Water, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L10605, doi: 10.1029/2012GL051270.

Pohlmann, T., D. Smith, M. Balmaseda, S. Masina, N. Keenlyside, D. Matei, W. Müller, P. Rogel, E.D. da Costa (2012): Predictability of the mid-latitude Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a multi-model system, Climate Dynamics, 1-11.

Roeske T., D. Bauch, M. Rutgers v. d. Loeff and B. Rabe (2012): Utility of dissolved Barium in distinguishing North American from Eurasian runoff in the Arctic Ocean, Marine Chemistry, 132, 1-14, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2012.01.007.

Salau, O. R., B. Schneider, W. Park, V. Khon and M. Latif (2012): Modeling the ENSO impact of Orbitally-induced mean state changes, J. Geophy. Res. (Oceans), 117, C05043, doi: 10.1029/2011JC007742.

Schnurr, S. M. (2012): Distribution of selected Munnopsidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota) species around Iceland linked to long-term oceanographic data, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Semenov, V. and M. Latif (2012): The early twentieth century warming and winter arctic sea ice, The Cryosphere, 6, 1231-1237, doi: 10.5194/tc-6-1231-2012.

Slama, T. (2012): Rekonstruktion von hydrografischen Profilen anhand von PIES Daten, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Stendardo, I. and N. Gruber (2012): Oxygen trends over five decades in the North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 117, C11, C11004, doi: 10.1029/2012JC007909.

Sumata, H., F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, C. Köberle and M. Karcher (2012): A comparison between gradient descent and stochastic approaches for parameter optimization of a coupled ocean-sea ice model, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 9, 3593-3642, doi: 10.5194/osd-9-3593-2012.

Walter, M., C. Mertens, M. Dengler und M. Rhein (2012): North Atlantic Current variability and associated mixing at the Mid-Atlantic ridge, EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, Vol. 14, p. 7086.

Wang, W., A. Köhl and D. Stammer (2012): The deep meridional overturning circulation in the Indian Ocean inferred from the GECCO Synthesis, Dyn. of Atm. Ocean, 58, 44-61, doi: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2012.08.001.

Wittke, F. (2012): Schwankungen der Oberflächenzirkulation aus Altimeterdaten, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Bremen

Zanchettin, D., A. Rubino, D. Matei, O. Bothe, J. Jungclaus (2012): Multidecadal-to-centennial SST variability in the MPI-ESM simulation ensemble for the last millenium. Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1361-9, Online first.


Akimova, A., U. Schauer, S. Danilov, and I. Núñez-Riboni (2011): The role of the deep mixing in them Storfjorden shelf water plume, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 58, p. 403-414.

Beal, L. M., W. P. M. de Ruijter, A. Biastoch, and R. Zahn, and the members of SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO Working Group 136 (2011): On the role of the Agulhas system in global climate (review article), Nature, 472, doi: 10.1038/nature09983, 429-436.

Beszczynska-Möller, A., R.A. Woodgate, C. Lee, H. Melling and K. Karcher (2011): A synthesis of exchanges through the main oceanic gateways to the Arctic ocean, The Changing Arctic Ocean: Special Issue on the International Polar Year (2007/2009), Oceanography, 24 (3) 99., 82., doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2011.59.

Biastoch, A., T. Treude, L. H. Rüpke, U. Riebesell, C. Roth, E. B. Burwicz, W. Park, C. W. Böning, M. Latif, G. Madec, and K. Wallmann (2011): Evolution of Arctic Ocean temperatures and the fate of marine gas hydrates under global warming, Geophys. Res. Lett.,38, L08602, doi: 10.1029/2011GL047222.

Brandt, P., G. Caniaux, B. Bourlès, A. Lazar, M. Dengler, A. Funk, V. Hormann, H. Giordani and F. Marin (2011): Equatorial upper-ocean dynamics and their interaction with the West African monsoon, Atmospheric Science Letters, 12, 24-30, doi: 10.1002/asl.287.

Brandt, P., A. Funk, V. Hormann, M. Dengler, R. J. Greatbatch and J. M. Toole (2011): Interannual atmospheric variability forced by the deep equatorial Atlantic Ocean, Nature, 473, 497-500, doi: 10.1038/nature10013.

Branstator, G., H. Teng, G.A. Meehl, M. Kimoto, J. R. Knight, M. Latif and A. Rosati (2012): Systematic estimates of initial-value decadal predictability for six AOGCMs, Journal of Climate, 25(6), 1827-1846.

Brüggemann, N., C. Eden, and D. Olbers (2011): A dynamically consistent closure for zonally averaged ocean models, Journal of Physical Oceanography 41, 11: 2242-2258.

Eden, C. (2011): A closure for meso-scale eddy fluxes based on linear instability theory, Ocean Modelling, 39(3), 362-369.

Darelius, E., I. Fer and D. Quadfasel (2011): Faroe Bank Channel Overflow: Mesoscale Variability, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44 (11), 2137-2154, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-0,35.1.

Ding, H., N. S. Keenlyside and M. Latif (2011): Impact of the Equatorial Atlantic on the El Niño Southern Oscillation, Climate Dynamics, 38, 1965-1972.

Esters, L. (2011): Rekonstruktion von Strömungsschwankungen aus Verankerungsdaten in der Dänemarkstraße mit Hilfe von spektralen Methoden, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Fischer, T. (2011): Diapycnal diffusivity and transport of matter in the open ocean estimated from underway acoustic profiling and microstructure profiling, Doctoral thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 105 pp.

Friedrichs, A. (2011): The Overflow in the Faroe Bank Channel - A Frequency Analysis, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Gary, S. F., M. S. Lozier, C. W. Böning, and A. Biastoch (2011): Deciphering the pathways for the deep limb of the Meridional Overturning Circulation, Deep-Sea Res. II, 58, 1781-1797, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.059.

Gröger, M. and U. Mikolajewicz (2011): Note on the CO2 air-sea gas exchange at high temperatures, Ocean Modelling, 39, 284-290.

Gröger, M., U. Mikolajewicz, E. Maier-Reimer and D. Sein (2011): Mechanisms of carbon absorbtion on shelfs - a model case study for the NW European shelf, Geophys. Res. Abstr., Vol. 13, EGU2011-4675-1.

Haase, S. (2011): Atmosphärische Zirkulation und extremer Meereisrückgang in der Arktis: Gegenwärtiges und zukünftiges Auftreten der arktischen Dipol-Anomalie, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 32 pp.

Harlaß, J. (2011): Einfluss des arktischen Meereises auf das Klima der Nordhemisphäre, Diplomarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 101 pp.Karcher, M., A. Beszczynska-Möller, F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, S. Heyen, B. Rudels and U. Schauer (2011, accepted  2010): Arctic Ocean warming and its consequences for the Denmark Strait overflow, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C02037, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006265.

Köhler, J. (2011): Analysis of Sea Salinities as seen by SMOS, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Kortz, E. (2011): Die Rolle von Wirbeln für Massen- und Wärmetransporte in Passagen, Diplomarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Latif M. and N. S. Keenlyside (2011): A Perspective on Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability. Deep Sea Research, 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.066.

Latif M. and W. Park (2011): Climatic Variability on Decadal to Century Time-Scales. In “The Future of the World’s Climate”, A. Henderson-Sellers and K. McGuffie (Eds), Elsevier, ISBN 978-0-12-386917-3.

Markovic, M., S. Hüttl-Kabus, B. Klein, U. Mikolajewicz, H. Klein and D. Sein (2011): Influence of North Atlantic variability on the North Sea, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 13, EGU2011-1863.

Menary M. B., W.Park, K. Lohmann, M. D. Palmer, M. Latif, and J. Jungclaus (2011): A multimodel comparison of centennial Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability. Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1172-4.

Meng Q., M. Latif, W. Park, N. S. Keenlyside, V. A. Semenov, and T. Martin (2011): Twentieth Century Walker Circulation Change: Data Analysis and Model Experiments, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-011-1047-8.

Moritz, M. (2011): Der Einfluss mesoskaliger Wirbel auf Strömungsmessungen des Overflows in der Dänemarkstrasse, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Müller, V. (2011): Freshwater balance in the western tropical Atlantic, a model Study, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.Park W. and M. Latif (2011): Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Response to Idealized External Forcing. Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1212-0.

Paulsen, H. (2011): Enstehungsmechanismen der Nordbrasilstromringe, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Proshutinsky, A., M.-L. Timmermans, I. Ashik, A. Beszczynska-Möller, E. Carmack, I. Frolov, M. Itoh, T. Kikuchi, R. Krishfield, F. McLaughlin, S. Nishino, B. Rabe, U. Schauer, K. Shimada, V. Sokolov, M. Steele, J. Toole, W. Williams, R. Woodgate, M. Yamamoto-Kawai and S. Zimmermann (2011): The Arctic Ocean in State of the Climate in 2010, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92 (6), S. 161-163,

Rabe, B., M. Karcher, U. Schauer, J. Toole, R. Krischfield, S. Pisarev, F. Kauker, R. Gerdes and T. Kikuchi (2011): An assessment of Arctic Ocean freshwater content changes from the 1990s to 2006-2008, Deep-Sea Res. I, 58, p. 173-185, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.12.002.

Reintges, A. (2011): Abschätzung der Genauigkeit von Klimasimulationen im Bereich des Nordatlantiks, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany, 59pp.

Rhein, M., D. Kieke, S. Hüttl-Kabus, A. Rößler, C. Mertens, R. Meissner, B. Klein, C. W. Böning and I. Yashayaev (2010): Deep-water formation, the subpolar gyre, and the meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research II (2011), doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.061.

Romanova, V., A. Köhl, and D. Stammer, 2011: Seasonal Cycle of Near Surface Fresh- water Budget in the Western Tropical Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res..

Stammer, D., N. Agarwal, P. Herrmann, A. K ohl, and R. Mechoso, 2010: Sea Level Response to Greenland Ice Melting in a Coupled Climate Model. Surveys in Geophysics.

Schneider, L. (2011), Entwicklung der Mixed-Layer im subpolaren Nordatlantik, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen.

Sein, D., U. Mikolajewicz, E. Maier-Reimer and M. Gröger (2011), Downscaling of climate change A1B scenario projection on North Atlantic-European shelves ocean - atmosphere system, Geophys. Res. Abstr., Vol. 13, EGU2011-3595.

Uhe, C. (2011), Analysis of satellite altimetry data with regard to the North Atlantic Current, Diplomarbeit, Universität Köln/Universität Bremen.

Våge, K., R. Pickart, A. Sarafanov, Ø. Knutsen, H. Mercier, P. Lherminier, H. van Aken, J. Meincke, D. Quadfasel and S. Bacon (2011), The Irminger Gyre: Circulation, convection, and interannual variability, Deep Sea Res. I, 58, 590-614.

Wade, M., G. Caniaux, Y. DuPenhoat, M. Dengler, H. Giordani and R. Hummels (2011): A one dimensional modeling study of the diurnal cycle in the tropical Atlantic at the PIRATA buoys during the EGEE3 campaign, Ocean Dyn., 61,1–20, doi:10.1007/s10236-010-0337-8.


Bindoff, N.L., D. Stammer, P.-Y. Le Traon, K. Trenberth, C. Mauritzen, J.A. Church, N. Smith, T. Malone, T. Suga, J. Tintor, S. Wilson (2010): Capabilities of Global Ocean Programs to inform Climate Services. WCC-3 Community White paper. Procedia Environmental Sciences, Volume 1, 2010, Pages 342-353. doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2010.09.022.

Brath, M., M. G. Scharffenberg, N. Serra & D. Stammer (2010): Altimeter-based estimates of eddy variability and eddy transports in the Subpolar North Atlantic, Marine Geodesy, 33, S1, 472-503.

Church, J.A., D. Roemmich, C.M. Domingues, J.K. Willis, N.J. White, J. Gilson, D. Stammer, A. Köhl, D. P. Chambers, F. Landerer, J. Marotzke, J. Gregory, T. Suzuki, A. Cazenave and P.-Y. Le Traon (2010): Ocean temperature and salinity contributions to global and regional sea-level change. Eds. J. A. Church, P. L. Woodworth, T. Aarup and W. S. Wilson. Blackwells Pub., London. Doi:
10.1007/s11625-008-0042-4. lowres.pdf

Cunningham, S., M. Baringer, W. Johns, J. Toole, S. Østerhus, J.Fischer, A.Piola, E. McDonagh, S. Lozier, U.Send, T. Kanzow, J. Marotzke, M. Rhein, S. Garzoli, S. Rintoul, B. Sloyan, S. Speich, L. Talley, J. Baehr, C. Meinen, A.-M. Treguier and P. Lherminier (2010): The Present and Future System for Measuring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport. Proceedings of OCeanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.

Degenhard, P. (2010): Transporte im Subpolarwirbel, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen.

Didwischus, S.-H. (2010): Analyse der Strukturen atlantischer äquatorialer Deep Jets anhand von Verankerungs- und Drifter-Daten, Diplomarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 50 pp.

Ding, H. (2010): Annual to interannual Equatorial Atlantic Variability: Mechanisms and Tropical Impacts, Doktorarbeit/PhD, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 92 pp.

Ding, H., N.S. Keenlyside and M. Latif (2010): Equatorial Atlantic interannual variability: the role of heat content, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C09020, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006304.

Fer, I., G. Voet, K. S. Seim, B. Rudels and K. Latarius (2010): Intense mixing of the Faroe Bank channel overflow, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L02604, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041924.

Fischer, J., M. Visbeck, R. Zantopp, and N. Nunes (2010): Interannual to Decadal Variability of Outflow from the Labrador Sea, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L24610, doi:10.1029/2010GL045321.

Friedrichs, A. (2011): Overflow in der Dänemarkstrasse: Eine Vorticity Bilanz, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Hall, J., D.E. Harrison and D. Stammer, Eds. (2010): Proceedings of the ”OceanObs09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society” Conference, Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009,  ESA Publication WPP-306, 2010. Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., doi:10.5270/ OceanObs09.cwp.53.

Han, G., K. Ohashi, N. Chen, P. G. Myers, N. Nunes, and J. Fischer (2010): Decline and partial rebound of the Labrador Current 1993-2004: Monitoring ocean currents from altimetric and CTD data, J. Geophys. Res. (Oceans), 115, C12012, doi: 10.1029/2009JC006091.

Heimbach, P., G. Forget, R.M. Ponte, C. Wunsch, M. Balmaseda, D. Stammer, T. Awaji, D. Behringer, J. Carton, N. Ferry, A. Fischer, I. Fukumori, B. Giese, K. Haines, E. Harrison, F. Hernandez, M. Kamachi, C. Keppenne, A. Kohl, T. Lee, D. Menemen- lis, P. Oke, E. Remy, M. Rienecker, A. Rosati, D. Smith, K. Speer, A. Weaver (2010): Observational Requirements for Globalscale Ocean Climate Analysis: Lessons from Ocean State Estimationin Proceedings of the
”OceanObs09: Sustained Ocean Observa- tions and Information for Society” Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA PublicationWPP-306. Available online at

Jochumsen, K., M.Rhein, S. Hüttl-Kabus and C.W. Böning (2010): On the propagation and decay of North Brazil Current rings. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 115, C10004.

Hurrell, J. W., T. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, H. Drange, S. Griffies, N. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, J. Marotzke, G. Meehl, T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K. Trenberth and J. Tribbia (2010): Decadal Climate Prediction: Opportunities and Challenges in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.45.

Karcher, M., I. Harms, W. Standring, M. Dowdall and P. Strand (2010): On the potential for Climate Change Impacts on Marine Anthropogenic Radioactivity in the Arctic Regions, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 60, Issue 8, Pages: 1151-1159, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.05.003.

Kinzel, J. (2010): Die Bedeutung der Ozean-Atmosphäre-Wechselwirkung für die natürliche Klimavariabilität in der Arktis, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 41 pp.

Kleppin, H. (2010): Zirkulation des atlantischen Wassers in der Arktis, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Klockmann, M. (2010): Lagrangian study of the subtropical-subpolar gyres water exchange, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Köhl A. (2010): Variable Source Regions of Denmark Strait and Faroe Bank Channel Overflow Waters, Tellus, 62A, 551-568, DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00454.x.

Koldunov, N., D. Stammer and J. Marotzke (2010): Characteristics of present-day Arctic sea ice variability as simulated in MPI-M coupled ocean-ice model runs. J. Clim.,23, 2520—2543.

Köller, M., R.H. Käse, P. Herrmann (2010): Interannual to multidecadal variability and predictability of North Atlantic circulation in a coupled earth system model with parametrized hydraulics. Tellus - A 62, 569-578, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00450.x.

Kopte, R. (2010): Untersuchungen zu Schwankungen der Konvektionsaktivität in Labradorsee und Irminger See - 1997-2009, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel.

Latarius, K. and D. Quadfasel (2010), Seasonal to interannual variability of temperature and salinity in the Greenland Sea: heat and greshwater budgets, Tellus 62 (4), 497-515.

Latif M., M., Delworth, T., Dommenget, D., Drange, H., Hazeleger, W., Hurrell, J., Keenlyside, N., Meehl, G. and Sutton, R. (2010): "Dynamics of Decadal Climate Variability and Implications for its Prediction" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009.

Lee, T, T. Awaji, M. Balmaseda, N. Ferry, Y. Fujii, I. Fukumori, B. Giese, P. Heimbach, A. Koehl, S. Masina, E. Remy, A. Rosati, M. P. Schodlok, D. Stammer, A.T. Weaver (2010): Consistency and fidelity of Indonesian-throughflow total volume trans- port estimated by 14 ocean data assimilation products. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans. DYNAT-833, Volume: 50, p. 201 — 223.

Löptien, U. and C. Eden (2010): Multidecadal CO2 uptake variability of the North Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res. , 115, D12113, doi:10.1029/2009JD012431.

Lorbacher, K., J. Dengg, C. W. Böning, and A. Biastoch (2010), Regional patterns of sea level change related to interannual variability and multi-decadal trends in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, J. Climate, 23, 4243–4254. doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3341.1.

Lübbecke, J., C. W. Böning, N. Keenlyside and S.P. Xie(2010), On the connection between Benguela and equatorial Atlantic Niños and the role of the South Atlantic Anticyclone Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (C9). C09015

Martínez-Avellaneda, N., N. Serra, D. Stammer & P. J. Minnett (2010), Response of the eastern subtropical Atlantic SST to Saharan Dust: a modelling and observational study, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C08015, doi:10.1029/2009JC005692.

Martinez, N., N. Serra, D. Stammer and P. Minnett (2010), Response of the eastern sub-tropical Atlantic SST to Saharan Dust: a modeling and observational study. J. of Geophys. Res., 115, C08015, doi:10.1029/2009JC005692.

McGillicuddy, D.J., B. deYoung, P.M. Glibert, J.C. Orr, D. Stammer, and F.E. Werner (2010): Models: Tools for Synthesis in International Oceanographic Research Programs. Oceanography, 23, pp 126 — 139.

Meissner, R. (2010), Einfluss von mesoskaligen Wirbeln auf die Feinstruktur-Variabilität im subpolaren Nordatlantik, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen.

Paka, V., B. Rudels, D. Quadfasel and V. Zhurbas (2010), A new tool to measure turbulence in the deep ocean: application to the Denmark Strait overflow, Doklady Akademii Nauk (in Russian)

Park W. and M. Latif (2010): Pacific and Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in the Kiel Climate Model. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L24702, doi:10.1029/2010GL045560.

Rattan, S., P. G. Myers, A.-M. Treguier, S. Theetten, A. Biastoch, and C. W. Böning (2010): Towards an Understanding of Labrador Sea Salinity Drift in Eddy-Permitting Simulations, Ocean Modelling, 35, 77-88.

Rhein, M., M. Dengler, J. Sültenfuß, R. Hummels, S. Hüttl-Kabus and B. Bourles (2010), Upwelling and associated heat flux in the equatorial Atlantic inferred from helium isotope disequilibrium, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C08021, doi:10.1029/2009JC005772.

Rhein, M., D. Kieke, S. Hüttl-Kabus, A. Rößler, C. Mertens, R. Meissner, B. Klein, C. W. Böning and I. Yashayaev (2010), Deep-water formation, the subpolar gyre, and the meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography . ISSN 09670645. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.061.

Romanova, V., A. Köhl, D. Stammer, C. Klepp, A. Andersson and S. Bakan (2010), Surface freshwater flux estimates from GECCO and HOAPS. Tellus, 62, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00447.x., p. 435—452.

Schaffer, J. (2010): Die Arktische Oszillation im Kieler Klimamodell, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 34 pp.

Scharffenberg, M. (2010): The large-scale geostrophic flow-field and eddy variability as seen from the TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 Tandem Mission, Dissertation, Universität Hamburg.

Scharffenberg, M. G., and D. Stammer (2010): Seasonal variations of the large-scale geostrophic flow field and eddy kinetic energy inferred from the TOPEX/Poseidon and 16 Jason-1 tandem mission data.J. Geophys. Res., 115, doi:10.1029/2008JC005242.

Semenov, V., M. Latif, D. Dommenget, N. Keenlyside, A. Strehz, T. Martin, and W. Park (2010), The Impact of North Atlantic-Arctic Multidecadal Variability on Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature. J. Climate, Vol. 23, 5668-5677, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3347.1.

Send, U., R. Davis, J. Fischer, S. Imawaki, W. Kessler, C. Meinen, B. Owens, D. Roemmich, T. Rossby, D. Rudnick, J. Toole, S. Wijffels and L. Beal (2010), A global boundary curren circulation observing network, OceanObs'09, Community White Paper.

Serra, N., R. H. Käse, A. Köhl, D. Stammer and D. Quadfasel (2010), On the low-frequency phase relation between the Denmark Strait and the Faroe-Shetland Channel dense overflow, Tellus, 62A, 530-550, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00445.

Steinfeldt, R., T. Tanhua, J.L. Bullister, R.M. Key, M. Rhein and J. Köhler (2010), Atlantic CFC data in CARINA. Earth System Science Data, 2, 1-15.

Trenberth, K., M. Balmaseda, N. Bindoff, J. Church, H. Freeland, G. Lagerloef, R.S. Nerem, M. Palmer, S. Rintoul, D. Roemmich, C. Sabine, D. Stammer, and P. Stott (2010), Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) and attribution and pre- diction of climate, in Proceedings of the ”OceanObs09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society” Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, 2010.

Voet, G. (2010), On the Nordic Overturning Circulation, Dissertation, Universität Hamburg, 97 S.

Voet, G. and D. Quadfasel (2010), Entrainment in the Denmark Strait overflow plume by meso-scale eddies, Ocean Sciences, 6, 301-310.

Voet, G., D. Quadfasel, K. A. Mork and H. Søiland (2010), The mid-depth circulation of the Nordic Seas derived from profiling float observations, Tellus 62 (4), 516-529.

Wang, W., A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2010), Global Ocean Volume Transport Es- timation in the 50-year GECCO Assimilation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L15601, doi:10.1029/2010GL043949.

Wilson, S., W. Abdalti, D. Alsdorf, J. Benveniste, H. Bonekamp, G. Cog- ley, M. Drinkwater, L.-L. Fu, R. Gross, B. Haines, E. Harrison, G. John- son, M. Johnson,J. LaBrecque, E. Lindstrom, M. Merrifield, L. Miller, E. Pavlis, S. Piotrowicz, D. Roemmich, D. Stammer, R. Thomas, E. Thouvenot, and P. Woodworth (2010): Observing Systems Needed to Address Sea-level Rise and Variability. Eds. J. A. Church, P. L. Woodworth, T. Aarup and W. S. Wilson. Blackwells Pub., London. Doi: 10.1007/s11625-008-0042-4. lowres.pdf 


Almaseda, M.A., O.J. Alves, A. Arribas, T. Awaji, D. Behringer, N. Ferry, Y. Fujii, T. Lee, M. Rienecker, T. Rosati and . Stammer (2009): Ocean Initialization for Seasonal Forecasts. Oceanography, 22, 154-159.

Biastoch, A., C. W. Böning, F. U. Schwarzkopf, and J. R. E. Lutjeharms (2009): Increase in Agulhas leakage due to poleward shift in the southern hemisphere westerlies, Nature, 462, doi: 10.1038/nature08519, 495-498.

Bower, A.S., M. S. Lozier, S. F. Gary, C. W. Böning (2009): Interior pathways of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Nature 459, 243-248, doi:10.1038/nature079079.

Ding, H., N. S. Keenlyside and M. Latif (2009): Seasonal cycle in the upper equatorial Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C09016, doi: 10.1029/2009JC005418.

Griffies, S. M., A. Biastoch, C. Böning, F. Bryan, G. Danabasoglu, E. Chassignet, M. England, R. Gerdes, H. Haak, R. W. Hallberg, W. Hazeleger, J. Jungclaus, W. G. Large, G. Madec, A. Pirani, B. L. Samuels, M. Scheinert, A. S. Gupta, C. A. Severijns, H. A. Simmons, A. M. Treguier, M. Winton, S. Yeager, and J. Yin (2009): Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (COREs), Ocean
Modelling, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.08.007, 26, 1-46.

Hormann, V. and P. Brandt (2009): Upper equatorial Atlantic variability during 2002 and 2005 associated with equatorial Kelvin waves, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C03007, doi: 10.1029/2008JC005101.

Käse, R. H., N. Serra, A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2009): Mechanisms for the variability of dense water pathways in the Nordic Seas, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C01013, doi:10.1029/2008JC004916

Kauker, F., R. Gerdes, M. Karcher, T. Kaminski, R. Giering and M. Voßbeck (2009): Arctic Sea Ice in summer 2009 - an outlook, Sea Ice Outlook: monthly.

Kauker, F., T. Kaminski, M. Karcher, R. Giering, R. Gerdes and M. Voßbeck (2009): Adjoint analysis of the 2007 all time Arctic sea-ice minimum, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi: 10.1029/2008GL036323.

Kieke, D., B. Klein, L. Stramma, M. Rhein, and K. P. Koltermann (2009): Variability and propagation of Labrador Sea Water in the southern subpolar North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res. I, 56(10), 1656-1674

Kirchner, K., M. Rhein, S. Hüttl-Kabus, C. Böning (2009): On the spreading of South Atlantic water into the northern hemisphere. J. Geophys. Res., 114, C05019, doi: 10.1029/2008JC005165.

Koenigk, T. and U. Mikolajewicz (2009): Seasonal to interannual climate predictability in mid and high northern latitudes in a global coupled model, Climate Dynamics, 32, 783–798, DOI 10.1007/s00382-008-0419-1.

Koenigk, T., U Mikolajewicz, J. H. Jungclaus, A. Kroll (2009): Sea ice in the Barents Sea: seasonal to interannual variability and climate feedbacks in a global coupled model. Climate Dynamics, 32, 1119-1138, DOI 10.1007/s00382-008-0450-2.

Latif M., W. Park, H. Ding, and N. Keenlyside (2009): Internal and External North Atlantic Sector Variability in the Kiel Climate Model. Meteor. Zeitschrift, 18 (4), 433-443.

Lee, T., T. Awaji, M. Balmaseda, E. Greiner, and D. Stammer (2009): Ocean State Estimation for Climate Research. Oceanography, 22, 160-167.

Meehl, G.A., L. Goddard, J. Murphy, R.J. Stouffer, G. Boer, G. Danabasoglu, K. Dixon, M.A. Giorgetta, A. Greene, E. Hawkins, G. Hegerl, D. Karoly, N. Keenlyside, M. Kimoto, B. Kirtman, A. Navarra, R. Pulwarty, D. Smith, D. Stammer, and T. Stockdale (2009): Decadal prediction: Can it be skillful? Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 90, 14671485.

Mertens, C., M. Rhein, M. Walter, and K. Kirchner (2009): Modulation of the Inflow into the Caribbean Sea by North Brazil Current Rings. /Deep-Sea Res. I/, 56(7), 1057-1076.

Park, W., N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, A. Ströh, R. Redler, E. Roeckner and G. Madec (2009): Tropical Pacific climate and its response to global warming in the Kiel Climate Model, J. Climate, 22, 71-92.

Pohlmann, H., J. Jungclaus, J. Marotzke, A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2009): Improving Predictability through the Initialization of a Coupled Climate Model with Global Oceanic Reanalysis. J. Clim., 22, 10.1175/2009JCLI2535., p. 3926 — 3938.

Rabe B., U. Schauer, A. Mackensen, M. Karcher, E. Hansen and A. Beszczynska-Möller (2009): Freshwater components and transports in the Fram Strait – recent observations and changes since the late 1990s, Ocean Sci., 5, 219-233,

Schauer, U. and A. Beszcynska-Möller (2009): Problems with estimation and interpretation of oceanic heat transport - conceptual remarks for the case of Fram Strait in the Arctic ocean, Ocean. Sci., 5 (4), 487-494.

Schott, F. A., L. Stramma, B. S. Giese and R. Zantopp (2009): Labrador Sea convection and subpolar North Atlantic Deep Water export in the SODA assimilation model, Deep Sea Res. I, 56, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.01.001.

Semenov V., W. Park, and M. Latif (2009): Barents Sea inflow shutdown: A new mechanism for rapid climate changes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L14709, DOI:10.1029/2009GL038911.

Spreen, G., S. Kern, D. Stammer, and E. Hansen (2009): Fram Strait Sea Ice Volume Export for Years 2003 to 2008 From Remote Sensing Data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L19502, doi:10.1029/2009GL039591.

Steinfeldt, R., M. Rhein, J. L. Bullister, and T. Tanhua (2009): Inventory changes in anthropogenic carbon from 1997-2003 in the Atlantic Ocean between 20°S and 65°N. /Global Biogeochem. Cycles/, 23, GB3010, doi:10.1029/2008GB003311.

de Steur, L., E. Hansen, R. Gerdes, M. Karcher, E. Fahrbach and J. Holfort (2009): Freshwater Fluxes in the East Greenland Current: A decade of observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L23611, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041278.

Eden, C. (2009): Parameterising meso-scale eddy momentum fluxes based on potential vorticity mixing and a gauge term. Ocean Modeling doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.10.008.

Wahl, S., M. Latif, W. Park and N. Keenlyside (2009): On the tropical Atlantic SST warm bias in the Kiel Climate Model, Climate Dyn., doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0690-9.


Alvarez-Garcia F., M. Latif, and A. Biastoch (2008): On multidecadal and quasi-decadal North Atlantic variability. J. Climate, 21, 3433–3452. Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Editors: B.
Dickson, J. Meincke and P. Rhines, SPRINGER, 111-130., 2008

Biastoch, A., J.R.E. Lutjeharms, C.W. Böning, and M. Scheinert (2008): Mesoscale perturbations control inter-ocean exchange south of Africa. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20602, doi:10.1029/2008GL035132

Biastoch, A., C. W. Böning, J. Getzlaff, J.-M. Molines, and G. Madec (2008): Mechanisms of interannual - decadal variability in the meridional overturning circulation of the mid-latitude North Atlantic Ocean, J. Climate, 21, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2404.1, 6599-6615.

Biastoch, A., C. W. Böning, and J. R. E. Lutjeharms (2008): Agulhas leakage dynamics affects decadal variability in Atlantic overturning circulation, Nature, 456, doi: 10.1038/nature07426, 489-492.

Dickson B., S. Dye, S. Jònsson, A. Köhl, A. Macrander, M. Marnela, J. Meincke, S. Olsen, B. Rudels, H.Valdimarsson and G. Voet (2008): The overflow flux west of Iceland:variability, origins and forcing. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Springer.

Dommenget D. and M. Latif (2008): Generation of Hyper Climate Mode. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35,  L02706, doi:10.1029/2007GL031087.

Eden, C., and M. Dengler (2008): Stacked jets in the deep equatorial Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. 113, C04003, doi:10.1029/2007JC004298

Gerdes, R., M. Karcher, C. Köberle and K. Fieg (2008): Simulating the long term variability of liquid freshwater export from the Arctic Ocean, Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Editors: B. Dickson, J. Meincke and P. Rhines, Springer, 405-425.

Haine,T., C. W. Böning, P. Brandt, J. Fischer, A. Funk, D. Kieke, E. Kvaleberg, and M. Rhein (2008): North Atlantic Deep Water Transformation in the Labrador Sea, Recirculation through the Subpolar Gyre, and Discharge to the Subtropics. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes - Defining the Role of the Northern Seas in Climate, R. R. Dickson, J. Meincke, P. Rhines (Eds.), Springer, Vol. X, chap. 26

Hüttl-Kabus, S. and C.W. Böning (2008): Pathways and variability of the off-equatorial undercurrents in the Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C10018, doi:10.1029/2007JC004700 

Karcher, M., R. Gerdes and F. Kauker (2008): Long-term variability of Atlantic water inflow to the Northern Seas: insights from model experiments, Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Editors: B. Dickson, J. Meincke and P. Rhines, Springer, 111-130.

Kauker, F., R. Gerdes and M. Karcher (2008): Arctic Sea Ice in summer 2008 - an outlook, Sea Ice Outlook: monthly reports.

Kauker, F., C. Köberle, R. Gerdes, M. Karcher (2008): Modeling the 20th century Arctic Ocean/Sea Ice system: Reconstruction of surface forcing, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C09027, doi: 10.1029/2006JC004023

Keenlyside N., M. Latif, J. Jungclaus, L. Kornblueh, and E. Roeckner (2008): Advancing decadalscale climate prediction in the North Atlantic sector. Nature, 453, 84-88 doi:10.1038/nature06921.

Kirchner, K., M. Rhein, C. Mehrtens, C.W. Böning and S. Hüttl (2008): Observed and modeled MOC related flow into the Caribbean: Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, CO3028, doi:10.1029/2007GC004320

Köhl A. and D. Stammer (2008): Variability of the Meridional Overturning in the North Atlantic from the 50 years GECCO State Estimation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 1913-1930.

Köhl A. and D. Stammer (2008): Decadal Sea Level Changes in the 50-Year GECCO Ocean synthesis. J. Climate., 38,1876-1890

LeBel, D. A., W. M. Smethie Jr., M. Rhein, D. Kieke, R. A. Fine, J. L. Bullister, D.-H. Min, W. Roether, R. F. Weiss, C. Andrie, D. Smythe-Wright, and E. P. Jones (2008): The distribution of CFC- 11 in the North Atlantic during WOCE: Inventories and calculated water mass formation rates. Deep-Sea Res. I, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.03.009.

Østerhus, S., T. Sherwin, D. Quadfasel, and B. Hansen (2008): The overflow transport east of Iceland. In Dickson RR et al.(eds): Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes. Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 427-441.

Park W. and M. Latif (2008): Multidecadal and Multicentennial Variability of the Meridional Overturning Circulation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L22703, doi:10.1029/2008GL035779.

Rabe B., F. A. Schott and A. Köhl (2008): Mean Circulation and Variability of the Tropical Atlantic during1952–2001 in the GECCO Assimilation Fields. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 177-192.

Semenov V. and M. Latif, J. Jungclaus, and W. Park (2008): Is the observed NAO variability during the instrumental record unusual? Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L11701, doi:10.1029/2008GL033273

Stammer, D., and S. Hüttemann (2008): Response of Regional Sea Level to Atmospheric Pressure Loading in Climate Change Scenarios. J. Clim., 21, 2093–2101.

Stammer, D. (2008): Response of the global ocean to Greenland and Antarctic ice melting. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C06022, doi:10.1029/2006JC004079.

Stöber,U., M. Walter, C. Mertens, and M. Rhein (2008): Mixing estimates from hydrographic measurements in the Deep Western Boundary Current of the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res. I, 55(6),721-736.

von Schuckmann, K., P. Brandt, and C. Eden (2008): Generation of Tropical Instability Waves in the Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. 113, C08034, doi:10.1029/2007JC004712.



Bengtson, L., P. Arkin, P. Berrisford, P. Bougeault, C. K. Folland, C. Gordon, K. Haines, K. I. Hodges, P. Jones, P. Kallberg, N. Rayner, A. J. Simmons, D. Stammer, P. W. Thorne, S. Uppala and R. S. Vose (2007): The Need for a Dynamical Climate Reanalysis. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88, 495-501.

Dickson, R. R., B. Rudels, S. Dye, M. Karcher, J. Meincke and I. Yashayaev (2007): Current Estimates of Freshwater Flux through Arctic & Subarctic seas., Progress in oceanography, 73(3/4), 210-230, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2006.12.003.

Dorn, W., K. Dethloff, A. Rinke, S. Frickenhaus, R. Gerdes, M. Karcher, F. Kauker (2007): Sensitivities and uncertainties in a coupled regional atmosphere-ocean-ice model with respect to the simulation of Arctic sea ice, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D10118, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007814.

Häkkinen, S., F. Dupont, M. Karcher, F. Kauker and J. Zhang (2007): Model simulation of Greenland Sea upper-ocean variability, Journal of geophysical research-oceans, 112, C06S90, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003687

Holloway, G., F. Dupont, E. Golubeva, S. Häkkinen, E. Hunke, M. Karcher, F. Kauker, M. Maltrud, M. Morales Maqueda, W. Maslowski, G. Platov, D. Stark, M. Steele, D. Worthen and J. Zhang (2007): Water properties and circulation in Arctic Ocean models, Journal of geophysical research-oceans, 112, C04S03, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003642

Karcher, M., F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, E. Hunke and J. Zhang (2007): On the Dynamics of Atlantic Water circulation in the Arctic Ocean, Journal of geophysical research-oceans, 112, C04S02, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003630

Kieke, D., M. Rhein, L. Stramma, W. M. Smethie, J. L. Bullister, and D. A. LeBel (2007): Changes in the pool of Labrador Sea Water in the subpolar North Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L06605, doi:10.1029/2006GL028959
Köhl A. (2007): Generation and stability of a quasi-permanent vortex in the Lofoten Basin. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 2637-2651.

Köhl, A., D. Stammer, and B. Cornuelle (2007): Interannual to Decadal Changes in the ECCO Global Synthesis, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 313-337.

Köhl, A., R.H. Käse, D. Stammer, and N. Serra (2007): Causes of changes in the Denmark Strait Overflow. J. Phys Oceanogr., 37, 1678-1696.

Latif, M., C. Böning, J. Willebrand, A. Biastoch, F. Alvarez, and N. Keenlyside (2007): Decadal to Multidecadal Variability of the Atlantic MOC: Mechanisms and Predictability. AGU Geophysical Monograph 173 “Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts – Past and Future Changes of Meridional Overturning”, A.

Meehl, M. C. Covey, T. Delworth, M. Latif, B. McAvaney, J. Mitchell, R. Stouffer, and K. Taylor (2007): The WCRP CMIP3 multi-model dataset: A new era in climate change research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 1383-1394.

Quadfasel, D., and R. Käse (2007): Present-day Manifestation of the Nordic Overflows , Ocean circulation: past and future changes of meridional overturning. edited by: A. Schmittner. J.C.H. Chiang and S.R. Hemmings, Geophysical Monograph 173. AGU, Washington D.C., 2007

Rhein, M. D. Kieke, and R. Steinfeldt (2007): Ventilation of Upper Labrador Sea Water, 2003-2005. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L06603,  doi:10.1029/2006GL028540.

Schneider B., M. Latif, and A. Schmittner (2007): Evaluation of different methods to assess model projections of the future evolution of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Climate, 20, 2121-2132.

Schmittner, J. Chiang, and S. Hemming (eds.), Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 173, pgs. 119-130.

Smethie Jr., W. M., D. A. LeBel. R. A. Fine, M. Rhein, and D. Kieke (2007): Strength and variability of the deep limb of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation from chlorofluorocarbon inventories. In: Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts, A.

Stammer, D., A. Köhl, and C. Wunsch (2007): Impact of accurate geoid fields on estimates of the ocean circulation. J. A. O. Tech., 24, 1464–1478.

typo3 by akea
Open Source Web Design - original design by tri-star web design